The northern cardinal is a bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird, common cardinal or just cardinal. It can be found in southeastern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Minnesota to Texas, and south through Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala.
Scientific name: Cardinalis cardinalis
Length: 8.2 – 9.3 in.
Mass: 1.5 oz (Adult)
Conservation status: Least Concern (Population stable)
Symbol of: Illinois, Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia
source: wikipedia Photo credit: audubon.org